Food security does not automatically translate into better nutrition. Therefore, nutrition objectives need to be better integrated into food security and agriculture policies and programmes. Specific aims include:
Linking nutrition to food and agriculture policies more closely by:
- incorporating explicit nutrition objectives into agricultural policies, strategies and programmes; and
- making sure nutrition indicators are included when designing and evaluating the impact of agriculture and food security policies and programmes.
Giving priority to nutrition-sensitive agriculture and food-based approaches for improving nutrition by:
- increasing food production, diversification and access to food;
- ensuring that people can consume enough high quality food throughout the year;
- promoting dietary diversity; and
- developing tools and indicators for measuring dietary adequacy.
Building national capacity to evaluate the impact of nutrition-sensitive policies
The programme team is working with several countries to :
- develop their capacity to integrate nutrition objectives into their agriculture and food security policies;
- evaluate the impact of these policies on diet and nutrition; and
- develop tools and processes for integrating nutrition into agriculture and food security policies, strategies, programmes and interventions.
Substantial nutrition related work takes place in the following countries:
We also work with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to develop capacity in integrating nutrition objectives into their Integrated Food Security Framework and Strategic Plan of Action on Food Security.
Integrating nutrition indicators into food and nutrition security information systems, surveys and impact evaluations
The programme is developing indicators that measure:
- food security at the household and individual level;
- the quality of the diet, including dietary diversity; and
- women’s dietary diversity .
Furthermore, based on the successful experience of the Latin American and Caribbean Food Security Scale (ELCSA), the programme team is adapting a common regional food security indicator for use in other regions.
Developing national food safety policies
Food safety is a crucial aspect of food security as poor food safety management may lead to disease and malnutrition, reduce the nutritional value of food and result in spoilage.
The programme is thus working with national decision makers to design domestic food safety policies - with an emphasis on protecting domestic consumers. It will also build national capacity in:
- identifying key challenges and constraints for food safety; and
- making investment decisions that are consistent with overall food security goals.
A methodology for food safety policy decision-making is being developed in close collaboration with a wide range of stakeholders.